1990-2010 Global Cardiovascular Disease Atlas

1990-2010 GLOBAL CVD ATLAS: INTRODUCTION: 3/29/14

The global burden of cardiovascular diseases in 2010 and changes between 1990 and 2010 Worldwide, the cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) contributing most to the total global burden of disease in 2010 were ischemic heart disease (5.2% of all disability-adjusted life years [DALYs] lost) and stroke (4.1% of all DALYs). The other major CVDs were hypertensive heart disease, cardio- myopathies, rheumatic heart disease, atrial fibrillation, aortic aneurysm, peripheral vascular disease, and endocarditis. The highest per capita CVD burden fell upon the Eastern Europe and Central Asia regions (Fig. 1). In the large populations of the South Asia and North Africa and Middle East regions, the absolute burden of CVDs is high and more often affects young, working-age adults. CVD burden declined sharply in the world’s high-income regions between 1990 and 2010 (Fig. 2). For both stroke and ischemic heart disease, global age-standardized mortality has decreased, but population growth and aging have increased both the absolute number of CVD deaths and survivors suffering with the late effects of stroke or ischemic heart disease [1,2]. Read More