Baseline Smoking Status and the Long-Term Risk of Death or Nonfatal Vascular Event in People with Stroke

A 10-Year Survival Analysis

American Heart Association – Stroke: 10/25/12

Background and Purpose—Smoking may exacerbate the risk of death or further vascular events in those with stroke, but data are limited.

Methods—1589 cases of first-ever and recurrent stroke were recruited between 1996 and 1999 from a defined geographical region in North East Melbourne. Both hospital and nonhospital cases were included. Over a 10-year period, all deaths, recurrent stroke events, and acute myocardial infarctions that were reported at follow-up interviews were validated using medical records. Cox proportional hazards regression was used to assess the association between baseline smoking status (never, ex, and current) and outcome (death, acute myocardial infarction, or recurrent stroke). Read more