Childhood Physical Abuse Is Associated With Incident Metabolic Syndrome in Mid-Life Women

Psycnet.apa.org: 7/9/12.

Objective: Previous research has suggested that childhood emotional abuse, physical abuse, and sexual abuse are associated with an increased risk for ischemic heart disease. Our objective was to examine whether childhood abuse predicted incident metabolic syndrome, a precursor to heart disease, in midlife women. Methods: Participants were 342 (114 Black, 228 White) women from the Pittsburgh site of the Study of Women’s Health Across the Nation (SWAN). SWAN included a baseline assessment of premenopausal or early perimenopausal women in midlife (mean age = 45.7), and women were evaluated for presence of the metabolic syndrome over 7 annual follow-up visits. Women were classified as having metabolic syndrome if they met 3 of the following criteria: waist circumference >88 cm, triglycerides ≥150 mg/dl, HDL <50 mg/dl, SBP ≥130 or DBP ≥85 mmHg or on blood pressure medication, and fasting glucose ≥110 mg/dl or diabetic.  read more