Cognitive Decline After Stroke

STROKEAHA: February 26, 2013

Background and Purpose—Inflammation may contribute to cognitive impairment after stroke. Inflammatory markers are associated with hippocampal atrophy. We tested whether markers of inflammation, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and serum levels of C-reactive protein are associated with reduced hippocampal volume and poor cognitive performance among stroke survivors.

Methods—We analyzed 368 consecutive cases from our prospective study of first-ever mild–moderate stroke patients. MRI, cognitive tests, and inflammatory markers were determined. Patients were reevaluated 6 and 12 months after the event. Read more