Genetics and Genomics for the Prevention and Treatment of Cardiovascular Disease

AHA: 12/5/13

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a major source of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Despite a decline of ≈30% over the past decade, heart disease remains the leading killer of Americans.1 For rare and familial forms of CVD, we are increasingly recognizing single-gene mutations that impart relatively large effects on individual phenotype. Examples include inherited forms of cardiomyopathy, arrhythmias, and aortic diseases. However, the prevalence of monogenic disorders typically accounts for a small proportion of the total CVD observed in the population. CVDs in the general population are complex diseases, with several contributing genetic and environmental factors. Although recent progress in monogenic disorders has occurred, we have seen a period of intense investigation to identify the genetic architecture of more common forms of CVD and related traits. Read more