The HIV/AIDS Epidemic in the United States

KFF: Apr 07, 2014

The first cases of what would later become known as AIDS were reported in the United States in June of 1981.1  Since then, more than 1.8 million people in the U.S. are estimated to have been infected with HIV, including over 650,000 who have already died; today, more than 1.1 million people are living with HIV.2,3  The response to the U.S. epidemic has yielded numerous successes, but challenges remain:

  • While the number of new HIV infections (incidence) is down from its peak in the 1980s, new infections have remained at about 50,000 for more than a decade.4,5,6
  • HIV testing is important for both prevention and treatment efforts and rapid testing is now much more widely available.  Routine HIV testing is now recommended for all people ages 13-64,7 yet 16% of those infected with HIV don’t know it 3 and many people with HIV (32%) are diagnosed late in their illness. Read More