Pet Ownership and Cardiovascular Risk : A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association

Circulation: May 9, 2013

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the United States. Despite efforts promoting primary and secondary CVD prevention,2–8 obesity and physical inactivity remain at epidemic proportions, with >60% of Americans adults overweight or obese and >50% not performing recommended levels of physical activity.9 Similarly, hypertension, hypercho- lesterolemia, and other CVD risk factors remain poorly con- trolled in many Americans. Despite numerous pharmacological and device-based advances in the management of patients with established CVD, morbidity and mortality associated with this condition remain substantial. Hence, a critical need exists for novel strategies and interventions that can potentially reduce the risk of CVD and its attendant morbidity and mortality. Read more