Population-Based Cohort Analyses of the Bidirectional Relationship Between Type 2 Diabetes and Depression

Diabetes Care: November 12, 2012

OBJECTIVE This study addresses the strength of association for the bidirectional relationship between type 2 diabetes and depression.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS We used two cohort studies with the same source of database to determine the link between depression and type 2 diabetes. The data analyzed included a random sample of 1 million beneficiaries selected from the National Health Insurance claims in 2000. The analysis of diabetes predicting the depression onset consisted of 16,957 diabetic patients and the same number of sex- and age-matched nondiabetic control subjects. The analysis of depression predicting diabetes onset included 5,847 depressive patients and 5,847 sex- and age-matched nondepressive control subjects. The follow-up period was between 2000 and 2006, and onset of end points was identified from ambulatory care claims. The Cox proportional hazards regression model adjusted for potential confounders was used to estimate relative hazards. Read More