Profiles of the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale Items as a Predictor of Patient Outcome

STROKEAHA: May 23, 2013


Background and Purpose—Initial National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score is highly predictive of outcome after ischemic stroke. We examined whether grouping strokes by presence of individual NIHSS symptoms could provide prognostic information additional or alternative to the NIHSS total score.

Methods—Ischemic strokes from the Greater Cincinnati Northern Kentucky Stroke Study in 2005 were used to develop the model. Latent class analysis was implemented to form groups of patients with similar retrospective NIHSS (rNIHSS) item responses. Profile group was then used as an independent predictor of discharge modified Rankin and mortality, using logistic regression and Cox proportional hazards model. Read more