Progress Along the Continuum of HIV Care Among Blacks with Diagnosed HIV— United States, 2010

CDC: February 7, 2014

The goals of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy are to reduce new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections, increase access to care and improve health outcomes for persons living with HIV, and reduce HIV-related health disparities (1). Recently, by executive order, the HIV Care Continuum Initiative was established, focusing on accelerating federal efforts to increase HIV testing, care, and treatment (2). Blacks are the racial group most affected, comprising 44% of new infections (3) and also 44% of all persons living with HIV infection (4). To achieve the goals of NHAS, and to be consistent with the HIV Care Continuum Initiative, blacks with HIV need high levels of care and viral suppression (5–7). Achieving these goals calls for 85% of blacks with diagnosed HIV to be linked to care, 80% to be retained in care, and the proportion with an undetectable viral load (VL) to increase 20% by 2015 (1). Analysis of data from the National HIV Surveillance System (NHSS)* and the Medical Monitoring Project (MMP)† regarding progress along the HIV care continuum during 2010 for blacks with diagnosed HIV infection indicated that 74.9% of HIV-diagnosed blacks were linked to care, 48.0% were retained in care, 46.2% were prescribed antiretroviral therapy (ART), and 35.2% had achieved viral suppression. Black males had lower levels of care and viral suppression than black females at each step along the HIV care continuum; in addition, levels of care and viral suppression for blacks aged <25 years were lower than those for blacks aged ≥25 years at each step of the continuum. These data demonstrate the need for implementation of interventions and public health strategies that increase linkage to care and consistent ART among blacks, particularly black males and black youths. Read more