Reporting and representation of ethnic minorities in cardiovascular trials: A systematic review

American Heart Journal: July 5, 2013

Ethnic minority groups in the United States are at increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases, experiencing adverse outcomes, and receiving suboptimal treatment. Such discrepancies may be related to a difference in race-specific outcomes in the management of cardiovascular diseases. However, little is known about the reporting and representation of ethnic minorities in major cardiovascular trials.


A systematic review of major cardiovascular randomized controlled trials published in The Journal of the American Medical AssociationThe Lancet, and The New England Journal of Medicine between 1997 and 2010 was performed. We determined the reporting rate of the following ethnic minority groups in studies that enrolled American patients: whites, African Americans, Asians, and Hispanics. Read more