Scientific Advisory Board

Randall W. Maxey, MD, PhD

Founding President, Alliance of Minority Medical Associations

Former President, National Medical Association (2003–2004)

Founding President and Board Member, Association of Minority Nephrologists

Dr. Maxey is founding president of the Alliance of Minority Medical Associations (AMMA), which collectively supports the moral imperative that all individuals are equally entitled to receive high-quality health care that can improve and prolong life. AMMA members include the Asian and Pacific Physicians’ Association, the Association of American Indian Physicians, the Interamerican College of Physicians and Surgeons, and the National Medical Association. Dr. Maxey is also past president of the Golden State Medical Association and the Charles R. Drew Medical Society. During the course of Dr. Maxey’s career, he has made outstanding contributions to research regarding the prevention and treatment of renal failure, especially in cases complicated by cardiovascular disease. A devoted educator and mentor, he has held academic appointments at Charles R. Drew University in California, Downstate Medical Center in Brooklyn, Howard University, and Guam Memorial Hospital, where he provided new approaches to preventing renal failure in diabetes mellitus and hypertension to South Pacific Islanders. Dr. Maxey is widely published and is a sought-after speaker and lecturer. His bachelor’s degree in pharmacy is from the University of Cincinnati. He concurrently received a PhD in cardiovascular pharmacology from Howard University Graduate School and his medical degree from Howard University College of Medicine. Following postgraduate training in the Department of Medicine at Harlem Hospital Center, Dr. Maxey was a postdoctoral fellow at the State University of New York Downstate Medical Center in Brooklyn. Dr. Maxey served as director of nephrology at Daniel Freeman Hospital and Robert F. Kennedy Medical Center (1973–1996), both in California.

Mark B. McClellan, MD, PhD

Director, Engelberg Center for Healthcare Reform, Brookings Institution

Former Administrator, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services

Former Commissioner, Food and Drug Administration

Visiting Senior Fellow, Economic Studies Program, American Enterprise Institute–Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies

Dr. McClellan is the director of the Engelberg Center for Healthcare Reform at the Brookings Institution. The center will study ways to provide practical solutions for access, quality, and financing challenges facing the U.S. health-care system. In addition, Dr. McClellan is the Leonard D. Schaeffer Chair in Health Policy Studies. He is a noted medical and health economist and an associate professor of economics and medicine at Stanford University. In the fall of 2006 he stepped down as administrator of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) to join the American Enterprise Institute–Brookings Joint Center for Regulatory Studies. Dr. McClellan is developing and implementing ideas to drive improvements in high-quality, innovative, affordable health care. While at CMS (2004–2006) and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (2002–2004), Dr. McClellan developed and implemented major health-policy reforms, including the Medicare prescription-drug/Part D benefit, FDA’s Critical Path Initiative, and public-private initiatives to develop better information on the quality and cost of care. Dr. McClellan has been an associate professor of economics and medicine at Stanford University since 1995, and he was elected as an Institute of Medicine fellow in 2003. He served as a member of the President’s Council of Economic Advisers and as senior director for health care for the White House from 2001 to 2002. He was a research associate at the National Bureau of Economic Research for over a decade and rejoined the bureau after leaving government. At Stanford he was a national fellow at the Hoover Institution and directed the Program on Health Outcomes Research, Center for Health Policy and Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research. He has been associate editor of the Journal of Health Economics,and he served as deputy assistant secretary for economic policy at the U.S. Department of the Treasury from 1998 to 1999. He is a widely published and sought-after speaker and lecturer. Dr. McClellan received his doctorate in economics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), his medical degree from the Harvard University–MIT Division of Health Sciences and Technology, and his master’s in public administration from Harvard University.

Rodrigo A. Muñoz, MD

Past President, American Psychiatric Association (1998–1999)

Dr. Muñoz is a nationally noted psychiatrist, scholar, teacher, and practitioner in San Diego, CA. He is very active in programs for the indigent, the homeless, and patients who suffer from chronic depression and mental illness. Dr. Muñoz presided over the transformation of the American Psychiatric Association (APA) at the turn of the decade, including the creation of the American Psychiatric Institute on Research and Education, the consolidation of the American Publishing Group, and the implementation of changes to link the organization’s structure more closely to its membership. He is a coauthor of “Diagnostic Criteria for Use in Psychiatric Research,” the most quoted psychiatric paper in the last decades of the twentieth century. Dr. Muñoz is widely published in the leading scientific journals in the country. He is also coauthor of Boarding Time: A Psychiatry Candidate’s Guide to Part II of the ABPN Examination, which has helped more than 10,000 psychiatrists in taking the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology examination. A native of Colombia, he first immigrated to Connecticut for his psychiatric residency training in a Yale University–affiliated hospital. He obtained further training in psychiatry at Washington University in St. Louis, MO. In an effort to expand his clinical work, he later moved his family to Wisconsin, where (in addition to his active practice) he directed an alcohol- and substance-abuse program and also a geriatric program. In the mid-1970s, he moved to California, where he has continued to pursue broad clinical and research interests. Dr. Muñoz has had a major impact on psychiatric and medical organizations over the years, serving on six committees of the San Diego and California Medical Associations. Under Dr. Muñoz’s leadership, evidence-based approaches to clinical care took a major leap forward with APA’s first Quality Indicators, published to complement APA’s Practice Guidelines.

Keith C. Norris, MD, FACP

Vice President of Research

Professor, Department of Internal Medicine

Program Coordinator, National Institutes of Health/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases/Drew National High School Student Summer Research Apprentice Program

Associate Dean for Research, Charles R. Drew University of Medicine and Science

Dr. Norris is board certified in both internal medicine and nephrology and is also certified as a specialist in clinical hypertension by the American Society of Hypertension, Inc. He serves on the faculty of the Charles R. Drew University Department of Internal Medicine and is associate dean and vice president for research, director of the Clinical Research Center, and associate director for the Research Center for Minority Institutions. Dr. Norris’s research interests focus on the impact and outcomes of chronic kidney disease in African American and Latino populations, the role of vitamin D in chronic kidney disease, calcium management in end-stage renal disease, and hypertension. Dr. Norris is a member of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) Study Section for the National Center for Research Resources and the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, the National Kidney Foundation’s Dialysis Outcomes Quality Initiative Advisory Committee, and the NIH/National Center for Research Resources Clinical Research Working Group. A frequent and sought-after presenter in both professional and academic settings, Dr. Norris has coauthored more than 100 journal articles, reviews, and textbook chapters, and over 100 abstracts. He is editor-in-chief of the journal Ethnicity & Disease. Dr. Norris currently holds professional memberships in the American College of Physicians, the American Society of Nephrology, the Renal Physicians Association (member, Board of Directors), the American Association of Kidney Patients (member, Medical Advisory Board), and the National Medical Association, among many others. Dr. Norris was elected into the Alpha Omega Alpha Medical Honor Society in 1980 and inducted into the National Black College Alumni Hall of Fame (Science) in 2003. Dr. Norris received his medical degree from Howard University School of Medicine in Washington, DC, and completed his internship and a residency at Howard University Hospital, where he was chief resident in the Department of Internal Medicine. Dr. Norris also completed fellowships in nephrology at the University of California at Los Angeles School of Medicine and at Wadsworth VA Medical Center in Los Angeles.

Jorge A. Quel, MD, FACAAI

Executive Director, Hispanic American Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Association

Director, Allergy Asthma Sinus Center, Marina del Rey

Dr. Quel is board certified in allergy and immunology and is a practicing pediatric allergist and clinical immunologist. He is president of the Olympic Games for Children with Asthma, and he consults frequently for the University of California, Los Angeles; Santa Monica Hospital; St. John’s Hospital; and the Centinela Freeman Medical Center on the Marina Campus. Dr. Quel is a member of the Executive Committee of the Society for Latino Asthma, Allergy and Immunology and vice president of the International Foundation of Asthma and Allergy (UNASMA), whose objective is to improve the asthmatic patient’s and his/her family’s quality of life, as well as to prevent complications from this disease. UNASMA achieves this by gathering together asthma and allergy foundations from various countries to educate asthmatic patients and their families and by conducting the Olympic Games for Children with Asthma. Dr. Quel also serves on the Liaison Committee for the American Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Immunology, and he chairs the Latin American Committee of American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. He is a member of the Network of Ethnic Physician Organizations. Previously, Dr. Quel was director of the Southwest Allergy Center in Palos Heights, IL; director of the Allergy Department of the Illinois Masonic Hospital of Chicago; and director of allergy research at Alpha Medical Laboratories in Palos Heights, IL. Dr. Quel’s board certification is from the American Board of Allergy and Immunology, a conjoint board of the American Board of Internal Medicine and the American Board of Pediatrics.

Thomas Tsang, MD, MPH

Chief Medical Officer, Charles B. Wang Community Health Center, New York, NY

Training-Core Director, Center for the Study of Asian American Health

Dr. Tsang is a board-certified internist and also training-core director for the Center for the Study of Asian American Health, which involves intensive training for non–health professionals as community health workers. He previously worked at Downtown Medical Associates of the New York University (NYU) Downtown Hospital, and he maintains his clinical-instructor appointment at NYU School of Medicine. Dr. Tsang was co–principal investigator on a study that confirmed that Asian Americans face a major health problem that is not captured by national statistics: While only 3 percent of the U.S. population has been diagnosed with chronic hepatitis B infection, Asian and Pacific Islander Americans (APIs) make up more than half of the people chronically infected with the disease in the United States. Depending on the country of origin, between 5 percent and 15 percent of API immigrants are chronically infected with hepatitis B. A Centers for Disease Control and Prevention study estimated that just 0.4 percent of all Americans have chronic hepatitis B, but statistics may also dramatically undercount people from Asia. In the United States, more than one million people have developed chronic hepatitis B infection, and each year more than 5,000 Americans die from hepatitis B and hepatitis B–related liver complications, including liver damage (cirrhosis) and liver cancer. More than half a million people worldwide die each year from primary liver cancer, and up to 80 percent of primary liver cancers are caused by chronic hepatitis B. Dr. Tsang is a member of the American Medical Association. He received his bachelor of science degree from the City College of New York, his medical degree from State University of New York at Stony Brook School of Medicine, and his master’s degree in public health from Columbia University’s School of Public Health.

Richard A. Williams, MD

Founding President and Chief Executive Officer, The Minority Health Institute, Inc.

Founding President, Association of Black Cardiologists

Dr. Williams is a board-certified cardiologist who founded the Association of Black Cardiologists, Inc., in November 1978 and served as president for the next 10 years. He also established the Minority Health Institute, whose goal is the elimination of health disparities. He seeks to revise medical-school curricula to include subjects dealing with infrequently taught topics, such as women’s health; issues pertaining to race, ethnicity, culture, and religion; biomedical ethics; stress and violence in society; nutrition; geriatrics; and the management of death and dying. Dr. Williams is widely published and is author of The Textbook of Black-Related Diseases,published by McGraw-Hill in 1975, a 900-page book detailing medical conditions peculiar to African Americans. No other book of its kind has been written before or since, and it is widely considered the seminal work on the medical status of blacks. It is on the shelves of libraries and in medical schools around the world. In 1999 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins published The Athlete and Heart Disease: Diagnosis, Evaluation and Management and Humane Medicine: A New Paradigm in Medical Education and Health Care Delivery. Volume II of Humane Medicine was published in 2000. Two other books by Dr. Williams are in preparation: The Textbook of Ethnic Medicine and The History of Blacks in Medicine. He is one of the nation’s leading experts on health disparities. As an instructor in cardiology at Harvard Medical School, he founded and directed the Central Recruitment Council of Boston Hospitals, which recruited significant numbers of black medical trainees to Boston hospitals for the first time in their history. He then served for three years as the assistant medical director at the Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Hospital in Watts, CA. He wrote a $2.7 million proposal that was funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute to establish the King-Drew Sickle Cell Center, of which he became the director. He then took a position as chief of the Heart Station and Coronary Care Unit at the West Los Angeles VA Hospital, eventually becoming head of cardiology as well as the first black full professor in the Department of Medicine at the University of California, Los Angeles, School of Medicine. Dr. Williams is one of the most honored physicians in his field. He has lectured and published widely and appeared as a guest on numerous prime-time television programs. He received his medical degree from the State University of New York Downstate Medical Center, and he performed his internship at the University of California, San Francisco, Medical Center; his internal-medicine residency at the Los Angeles County–University of Southern California Medical Center; and his cardiology fellowship at Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston. He received his undergraduate degree, with honors, from Harvard University and was the first African American student at Harvard from Delaware.