Smoking as a Risk Factor for Stroke in Women Compared With Men

STROKEAHA: August 22, 2013


A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 81 Cohorts, Including 3 980 359 Individuals and 42 401 Strokes


Background and Purpose—It is currently unknown whether the excess risk of stroke by smoking is the same for women and men. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the effect of smoking on stroke in women compared with men.

Methods—PubMed MEDLINE was systematically searched for prospective population-based cohort studies published between January 1, 1966, and January 26, 2013. Studies that presented sex-specific estimates of the relative risk of stroke comparing current smoking with nonsmoking and its associated variability were selected. The sex-specific relative risks and their ratio (RRR), comparing women with men, were pooled using random-effects meta-analysis with inverse variance weighting. Similarly, the RRR for former versus never smoking was pooled. Read more