Stroke Incidence and Mortality Trends in US Communities, 1987 to 2011

JAMA: July 16, 2014

Importance  Prior studies have shown decreases in stroke mortality over time, but data on validated stroke incidence and long-term trends by race are limited.

Objective  To study trends in stroke incidence and subsequent mortality among black and white adults in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) cohort from 1987 to 2011.

Design, Setting, and Participants  Prospective cohort study of 14 357 participants (282 097 person-years) free of stroke at baseline was facilitated in 4 different US communities. Participants were recruited for the purpose of studying all stroke hospitalizations and deaths and for collection of baseline information on cardiovascular risk factors (via interviews and physical examinations) in 1987-1989. Participants were followed up (via examinations, annual phone interviews, active surveillance of discharges from local hospitals, and linkage with the National Death Index) through December 31, 2011. The study physician reviewers adjudicated all possible strokes and classified them as definite or probable ischemic or hemorrhagic events. Read more