The Associations between Race and Geographic Area and Quality-of-Care Indicators in Patients Approaching ESRD

CJASN: March 12, 2013

Background and objectives Pre-ESRD care is an important predictor of outcomes in patients undergoing long-term dialysis. This study examined the extent of variation in receiving pre-ESRD care and black-white disparities across urban and rural counties.

Design, setting, participants, & measurements Participants were 404,622 non-Hispanic white and black patients aged >18 years who began dialysis between 2005 and 2010 and resided in 3076 counties from the U.S. Renal Data System. Read more