The Promise and Challenges of Next-Generation Genome Sequencing for Clinical Care

JAMA: 11/11/13

With increased speed and decreased costs, next-generation gene sequencing has the potential to improve medical care by making possible widespread evaluation of patients’ genomes in clinical settings. The entire genome of an individual can now be sequenced in less than 1 week at a cost of $5000 to $10 000; the cost will continue to decline. Analyses based on next-generation sequencing include whole-genome sequencing and whole-exome sequencing; DNA sequences that encode proteins are collectively known as the exome. In some instances, whole genome and whole-exome sequencing have already helped to accurately diagnose diseases with atypical manifestations, that are difficult to diagnose using clinical or laboratory criteria alone, or that otherwise require extensive or costly evaluation.  Read More