Total Knee Arthroplasty Volume, Utilization, and Outcomes Among Medicare Beneficiaries, 1991-2010

Jama.jamanetwork.com: September 26, 2012

Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is one of the most common and costly surgical procedures performed in the United States.

Objective  To examine longitudinal trends in volume, utilization, and outcomes for primary and revision TKA between 1991 and 2010 in the US Medicare population.

Design, Setting, and Participants  Observational cohort of 3 271 851 patients (aged ≥65 years) who underwent primary TKA and 318 563 who underwent revision TKA identified in Medicare Part A data files.

Main Outcome Measures  We examined changes in primary and revision TKA volume, per capita utilization, hospital length of stay (LOS), readmission rates, and adverse outcomes.

Results  Between 1991 and 2010 annual primary TKA volume increased 161.5% from 93 230 to 243 802 while per capita utilization increased 99.2% (from 31.2 procedures per 10 000 Medicare enrollees in 1991 to 62.1 procedures per 10 000 in 2010). Revision TKA volume increased 105.9% from 9650 to 19 871 while per capita utilization increased 59.4% (from 3.2 procedures per 10 000 Medicare enrollees in 1991 to 5.1 procedures per 10 000 in 2010). For primary TKA, LOS decreased from 7.9 days (95% CI, 7.8-7.9) in 1991-1994 to 3.5 days (95% CI, 3.5-3.5) in 2007-2010 (P < .001).  Read more