Trends in CVD and Stroke Mortality 5/24/2012.

  • Heart diseases and stroke, the number 1 and 4 leading causes of death in the United States, kill over 810,000 people every year.
  • Even though death rates have been decreasing, disparities in the rate of decline among subpopulations and resulting disabilities from heart diseases and stroke are still issues to be addressed.
  • Achieving ideal cardiovascular health is shown to not only reduce risk of heart diseases and stroke, but also risk of death.
Low-Risk Lifestyle Behaviors and All-Cause Mortality: Findings from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III Mortality Study
Ford ES, Zhao G, Tsai J, Li C. Am J Public Health. 2011 Oct;101(10):1922-9.
  • In this study low and high levels of risk for four lifestyle behaviors, smoking, healthy diet, physical activity, and alcohol use, are compared to all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality.
  • Those with all four low-risk behaviors had a 63% reduced risk of all-cause death and a 65% reduced risk of death from cardiovascular diseases.
The Decline in Stroke Mortality: Exploration of Future Trends in 7 Western European Countries
Kunst AE, Amiri M, Janssen F. Stroke. 2011 Aug;42(8):2126-30.
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  • Projections of future trends in stroke mortality are made to 2030.
  • Findings show that stroke will remain a leading cause of death in older populations.
  • Prevention of disability rather than death may become a higher priority in years to come. Read More